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(GSOP) has through the LIPW programme, delivered 248 small earth dams and dugouts in rural communities

Image Alt​​​​​​​​​​​ The Ghana Social Opportunities Project (GSOP) has through the Labour Intensive Public Works programme, delivered 248 small earth dams and dugouts in rural communities mostly within the northern section of the country to guarantee all year round water availability for poor rural households and also as a means of improving food security. The rehabilitation/constructional works included improvement in the earth embankments, rip-rapping and the planting of vertiva grass to protect the upstream and downstream slopes respectively and in some cases increasing the reservoir area by extension of embankments or expanding dugouts into small earth dams. There were also other works like de-silting reservoir areas, widening and restoration of spillway structures, as well as repair of irrigation structures. GSOP, which came into being in 2010, is a Government of Ghana initiative with funding from the World Bank. The LIPW programme is being implemented by the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD) through the various beneficiary District Assemblies, with support from the National Co-ordinting Office of the Project and 5(No) Regional Co-ordinating Offices spread across the country. The LIPW programme sets out to maximize local employment, while rehabilitating productive infrastructure/ assets which have the potential to generate local secondary employment and protect households and communities against external shocks". The rehabilitated small earth dams are located within 37 of the 60 beneficiary District Assemblies, in the country. Apart from the community members being temporarily employed and in the process earning cash, the secondary benefits include the use of the dams for dry season farming, provision of water for livestock watering, building and maintenance of local housing structures, among others. Continue Reading

Ghana’s major public works Social Protection (SP) program targeted at the rural poor, the Labour Intensive Public Works (LIPW) program shall use an electronic system to pay the wages of all of its beneficiaries. The major challenge of SP program design in general is effectively ensuring that benefits (wages in the case of Public Works such as LIPW) reach the intended targeted beneficiary.

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